Resources:  File 1
Humanities 100


Our need to know and understand derives from the simple facts that we are born helpless and find pleasure in other people's company. On the whole, knowledge will leave us precariously balanced between our passion for self identity, reliance, and assertion and our passion for helping others, laughter, and play. In the first case, to favor too much of ourselves leaves us demanding more of chance than God provides; in the second, to favor too much of others leaves us demanding more of life than Mother Earth provides. The helpless child's soul grows in the balance. As it grows strong from careful nurture, it will see the traces of its infinite nature.


Act always in such a way that you could, rationally, will the principle
on which you act to be a universal law.
-----Immanuel Kant


From Critical Thinking
Richard Paul

All human action takes place within a way of looking at and interpreting the world. As schooling now stands, very little is done to help students grasp how they are viewing the world and how those views determine the character of their experience, their interpretations, their conclusions about events and persons, etc. In teaching for critical thinking, we make the discovery of one's world view and the experience of other people's world views a fundamental priority.



From The Power of Myth
Joseph Campbell

People say that what we're all seeking is a meaning for life. I don't think that's what we're really seeking. I think that what we're seeking is an experience of being alive, so that our life experiences on the purely physical plane will have resonance within our own innermost being and reality, so that we actually feel the rapture of being alive.


From 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea
Jules Verne

May the contemplation of so many wonders extinguish forever the spirit of vengeance! May the judge disappear, and the philosopher continue the peaceful exploration of the sea! If his destiny be strange, it is also sublime. Have I not understood it myself? Have I not lived ten months of this unnatural life? And to the question asked by Ecclesiastics 3000 years ago, "That which is far off and exceeding deep, who can find it out?"


From Writers for Children
L. Frank Baum

Imagination has brought mankind through the Dark Ages to the present state of civilization. Imagination led Columbus to discover America. Imagination led Franklin to discover electricity. Imagination has given us the steam engine, the telephone, the talking machine, and the automobile, for those things had to be dreamed of before they became realities. So I believe that dreams -- day dreams, you know, with your eyes wide open and your brain machinery whizzing--are likely to lead to the betterment of the world. The imaginative child will become the imaginative man or woman most apt to create, to invent, and therefore to foster civilization.


"If I Ever Lose Faith in You"
by Sting

You could say I lost my faith in Science and Progress. You could say I lost my belief in the holy church. You could say I lost my sense of direction. You could say all of this and worse, but, if I ever lose my faith in you there'd be nothing left for me to do. Some would say I was a lost man in a lost world. You could say I lost my faith in the people on TV. You could say I'd lost my belief in our politicians. They all seemed like game show hosts to me. If I ever lose my faith in you, there'd be nothing left for me to do. I could be lost inside their lies without a trace. But every time I close my eyes I see your face. I saw no miracle of science that did not go from a blessing to a curse. I never saw no military solution that did not end up as something worse, but, let me say this first. If I ever lose my faith in you, there'd be nothing left for me to do.


From Illusions
Richard Bach

You are led through your lifetime by the inner learning creature, the playful, spiritual being that is your real self. Don't turn away from possible futures before you are certain you don't have anything to learn from them. You are always free to change your mind and choose a different future, or a different past.


From The Power of Myth
Joseph Campbell

The material of myth is the material of our life, the material of our body, and the material of our environment, and a living vital mythology deals with this in terms that are appropriate to the nature of knowledge of the time.... Getting into harmony and in touch with the universe and staying there is the principal function of mythology.



In Brief

We have two kinds of thinking: directed thinking and dreaming or fantasy thinking.
----C. G. Jung

My whole work drive has been aimed at making people understand each other.
----John Steinbeck

There are many viewpoints regarding the practice of inter cultural communication but a familiar one is that "people are people" basically pretty much alike.... Increased interaction through travel, student exchange, mutual problems, and other such ventures should result in more understanding and friendship between nations.
----Laray M. Barna

Success grows less and less dependent on luck and chance. Self distrust is the cause of most of our failures. The great and indispensable help to success is character. Character is crystallized habit, the result of training and conviction.
----Ernest Hemingway


From Illusions
Richard Bach

If you really want to remove a cloud from your life, you do not make a big production out of it. You just relax and remove it from your thinking. That's all there is to it. A cloud does not know why it moves in just such a direction and at such a speed. If it feels a compulsion...this is the place to go now. But the sky knows the reasons and the patterns behind all clouds, and you will know, too, when you lift yourself high enough to see beyond horizons.



As Quoted By A. E. Taylor

Start with some proposition which, on any grounds, commends itself as presumably true. Call this the initial hypothesis. Then ask, "what must follow if this is admitted?", that is, to deduce its consequences. The truth of the initial hypothesis being at present in question, whatever follows from it is also set down as true, and whatever conflicts with it as false. Thus, the assumption of the method is simply that truth is a coherent system, and that nothing which conflicts with a true principle can be true.



From The Power of Myth
Joseph Campbell

The images of myth are reflections of the spiritual potentialities of every one of us. Through contemplating these, we evoke their powers in our own lives.


From Ideas and Opinions
Albert Einstein

The release of atomic energy has not created a new problem. It has merely made more urgent the necessity of solving an existing one. One could say that it has affected us quantitatively , not qualitatively. So long as there are sovereign nations possessing great power, war is inevitable. ...What has changed is the destructiveness of war.


From The Science Fiction of Mark Twain
Mark Twain

Then the inexorable logic of the situation arrived and announced itself. The inexorable logic of the situation was this: there being a Man, and a Microbe to infest him, and for him to be indifferent about; and there being a Sooflasky, with a Swink to infest him and for the Sooflasky to be indifferent about: then it follows, of a certainty, that the Swink is similarly infested, too, and has something to look down upon and be indifferent to and sponge out on occasion; and it also follows, of a certainty, that below that infester there is yet another infester that infests him--and so on down and down and down till you strike the bottom of created life--if there is one, which is extremely doubtful.


In Brief

There is neither good or bad but thinking makes it so.
----William Shakespeare

There is nothing more unequal than the equal treatment of unequals.
----Thomas Paine



From Man and Superman
George Bernard Shaw

The Devil. Why not take refuge in heaven. That's the proper place for you. {to Ana} Come, Senora. Could you not persuade him for his own good to try a change of air?

Ana. But he can go to heaven if he wants to?

The Devil. What's to prevent him?

Ana. Can anybody--can I go to heaven if I want to?

The Devil. Certainly, if your taste lies that way.

Ana. But why doesn't Everybody go to heaven, then?

The Statue. I can tell you that, my dear. It's because heaven is the most angelically dull place in all creation: that's why.

The Devil. His excellency the Commander puts it with military bluntness; but the strain of living in Heaven is intolerable. There is a notion that I was turned out of it; but as a matter of fact nothing could have induced me to stay there. I simply left it and organized this place.

The Statue. I don't wonder at it. Nobody could stand an eternity of heaven.

The Devil. Oh it suits some people. Let us be just, Commander: it is a question of temperament. I don't admire heavenly temperament; I don't understand it; I don't know that I particularly want to understand it; but it takes all sorts to make up a universe. There is no accounting for tastes; there are people who like it. I think Don Juan would like it.


In Brief

The bridge from death to life is built on two tracks. One is the awareness that life is there to live. That life is. The other is the courage to live it--to feel fear, to accept pain, to set the fear of dying against the joy of living.
----Jerry Spence

Your right to swing your fist stops at my nose.

I believe in the human spirit above all things, and that only by a change of heart can civilization be saved.
----R. W. Thompson

Courage is not the absence of fear but the ability to carry on with dignity in spite of it.
----Scott Turow

That which is not acted upon is not learned.

When you are first celebrating, you don't fully realize the scope of what you've done. You can only do that a bit later when things settle down.
----Larry Bird

You have within you the things you seek; the symbol is of no value while the virtue is.
----L. Frank Baun


From Think on These Things
J. Krishnamurti

As we grow older you cry less and less, because you harden yourself against life. Very few of us cry when we are older because we have lost the extraordinary sensitivity of childhood. Sorrow is not merely the loss of something, it is such a thing as having understanding. If there is no understanding, there is great sorrow. If the mind does not penetrate beyond its own barriers, there is misery.



From "The World As I See It"
Albert Einstein

The most beautiful experience we can have is the mysterious. It is the fundamental emotion which stands at the cradle of true art and true science. Whoever does not know it and can no longer wonder, no longer marvel, is as good as dead, and his eyes are dimmed.


From "Physics and Reality"
Albert Einstein

The whole of science is nothing more that a refinement of everyday thinking. It is for this reason that the critical thinking of the physicist cannot possibly be restricted to the examination of the concepts of his own specific field. He cannot proceed without considering critically a much more difficult problem, the problem of analyzing the nature of everyday thinking.


From Einstein--A Centenary Volume
Albert Einstein

What I'm really interested in is whether God could have made the world in a different way; that is, whether the necessity of logical simplicity leaves any freedom at all.



In Brief

To be honest, as this world goes, is to be one man picked out of ten thousand.
----William Shakespeare

A man once said to me "you're my son's biggest idol." I replied, "why aren't you his idol." He said, "because I don't play basketball." I told him my father was my biggest idol and he never played basketball.
----Larry Bird

I am often given the big smiling handshake at parties (which I avoid attending whenever possible) by someone who then, with an air of gleeful conspiracy, will say, "I've always wanted to write." I used to be polite. These days I reply with the same jubilant excitement, "You know, I've always wanted to be a brain surgeon."
----Stephen King

To the noble mind rich gifts wax poor when givers prove unkind.
----William Shakespeare

All you need is confidence in yourself. There is no living thing that is not afraid when it faces danger. True courage is in facing danger when you are afraid.
----L. Frank Baun



In Brief

Politics is a pendulum whose swings between anarchy and tyranny are fueled by perennially rejuvenated illusions.
----Albert Einstein

The story of life is quicker than the wink of an eye. The story of love is hello and good-bye until we meet again.
----Jimi Hendrix

In America freedom is business. If freedom is good for business, we have much freedom. If it is perceived to be bad for business, freedom diminishes accordingly.
----Jerry Spence

Experience is the only thing that brings knowledge, and the longer you are on earth the more experience you are sure to get.
----L. Frank Baun

You can't move your horizon until you move yourself.
----John Shandor



From "Interview"
Joseph Campbell

If you follow your bliss, you put yourself on a kind of track that has been there all the while, waiting for you, and the life that you ought to be living is the one you are living.



In Brief

Your conscience is the measure of the honesty of your selfishness. Listen to it carefully.
----Richard Bach

Confronting difficulty by quitting leaves you changed.
----Jacob Neusner

You can take your choice between God and Sex. If you choose both you are a hypocrite; if neither, you get nothing. Show me a hero and I will write you a tragedy.
----F. Scott Fitzgerald

Man is rotten with perfection.
----Kenneth Burke

Foolishness is behavior based on false opinion.




From "Personal Correspondence"
Jeane Kirkpatrick

The reason so many people around the world yearn for America is that they see something here which we Americans often lose sight of--because it surrounds us and pervades our society. What they see, that we miss, is our freedom.


As Quoted in Reader's Digest from a Speech by
John Gardner

The things you learn in maturity aren't simple things such as acquiring information and skills. You learn not to engage in self-destructive behavior. You learn not to burn up energy in anxiety. You discover how to manage your tensions. You learn that self-pity and resentment are among the most toxic of drugs. You find that the world loves talent but pays off on character. You come to understand that most people are neither for you nor against you; they are thinking about themselves.


In Brief

Determined people make conditions--they do not allow themselves to be victims of them. Determined people working together can do anything.
----Jim Casey

We must reform society before we can reform ourselves...personal righteousness is impossible in an unrighteous environment.
----George Bernard Shaw

Freedom has to be fought for everyday in the courts or we will lose it.
----Jerry Spence

What does it mean to love an animal?
----Alice Adams

Conviction is a good mainspring but a bad regulator.
----Albert Einstein

To be liberal, a victim of society. To be conservative, a person of weak character.
----Eugene E. Brussell

Inspiration and enthusiasm are of little value unless they move us to action and accomplishment.
----Jim Casey

From "Boneman"
Robert Casad

Jenny crossed over Blackman's land where he had clear-cut ten acres last summer. Snow helmets sat on a hundred stump warriors. She could tell there were lots of animals out by their tracks. She even found some deer droppings, little pine cones smelling like sweet hay lain down after a heavy rain.


From Our Partnership Legacy
Jim Casey

You cannot be successful entirely through your own efforts. All of us, if we are to accomplish anything worthwhile, will do it largely through the help and cooperation of the people who work with us. We must help others to help ourselves. Our horizon is as distant as our mind's eye wishes it to be. Let us get a clear understanding of our objectives. Only then will we be able to map out the highways, the skyways, and the byways that will take us there.


In Brief

Nothing is worse than giving your whole attention to things that do not really interest you.
----George Bernard Shaw

I do not think that where there is fear there is also shame,  for I think that many people who fear disease and poverty, and many other such things, feel fear, but are not ashamed of the things they fear.


From The Innocents Abroad
Mark Twain

This book is a record of a pleasure trip. If it were a record of a solemn scientific expedition, it would have about it that gravity, that profundity, and that impressive incomprehensibility which are so proper to works of that kind, and withal so attractive. Yet notwithstanding it is only a record of a picnic. It has no purpose, which is, to suggest to the reader how he would be likely to see Europe and the East if he looked at them with his own eyes instead of the eyes of those who traveled those countries before him. I make small pretense of showing any one how he ought to look at objects of interest beyond the sea--other books do that, and therefore, even if I were competent to do it, there is no need.



A Creative and Critical Thinking Word Map
by Mr. I. Magination

First Principles
equilibrium,  life,  death, chance

First Derivatives
material worlds,  sensation,  perception,  conception

Primary Concepts
explanation,  knowledge, composition,  appreciation

Primary Practices
observing, creating, reasoning, imagining

Secondary Practices
measuring, refining, assessing, judging

Tertiary Practices
choosing,  producing,  solving,  applying

Primary Outcomes
satisfaction/want,  harmony/conflict, love/hate,  freedom/control